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58
ߘߕ学ᬓ
总第 期
2011
7
月 第
4
Ҭ⩕一种В上䄚㼭的ϧЙຯ҂䖬ٺ䄚㼭上的⌤
Ǜ
当仅仅≮ݖҬ⩕一种䄚㼭ᅞᘼঠⱭ要了㼐
3
̴ࢂ
䃺ᬣ
Lj
ЃЙ᭜ຯ҂在正⶛䄚㼭中ឫݝ正⶛ࢂ䃺的
Ǜ
这᭜⻾学界܍࡮Ꭱ来一Ⱑᕊ㉏的䬛䷅
ă
⻾学界ᅞ
大㘾ຯ҂处⤳一种В上䄚㼭᣽ܧ了许็ฺᱯ的⤳䃧
ă
大็᪝ⵁ⾣ࣹ䄚ຯ҂在记ᓳ中ឫᄨࢂ䃺的⤳䃧մჇ
Lj
⃼个ࢂ䃺䘪被䉡上所ᆋ䄚㼭ⰥڠԎᖜ的
Đ
ᴴカ
đă
但㒻国ൗ㥕᫜大学ᓰ⤳䄚㼭学უ迈ٸ
·
㐡特㐡奇
䃑为
Lj
䞡λ一种䄚㼭的ࢂ䃺发䴠不हλओ一种䄚㼭
Lj
大㘾ѩͻ⇎ᓲ要և大䛼็余㔹ࣵᬍ䅀的ጒ҉来为⃼
个ࢂ䃺䉡上ᴴカ
ă
ក个℁方
Lj
ᘠ䆎一̸你的۝マ䛹ܳݘ有一ള㠦᳉
与ᾆ子
ă
㠦᳉与ᾆ子ܳݘ代㶕你所⛌ⴒ的一种䄚㼭
Lj
㔹۝マ᭜记ᓳ中ጟⴒ为
Đ
䃺ڥ
đ
的那一部ܳ
ă
要ឫ㠦
Lj
你ग要在۝マ䛹ᄨឫ㏏㞟的ళᒏ➖
Ǘ
要ឫᾆ子
Lj
你ग要在۝マ䛹ᄨឫᾆ㞟的ళᒏ➖
ă
你也许会֣ᅁ
ᠬݝ᱗᜽⛌的㐬ᾆ子
Lj
䄜ិ它当᜽了䱿㠦᳉
ă
㐡特㐡
奇䄡
Lj
此ㆨ䄚㼭
Đ
⌤⋳
đ
的Ҹ子ᬣ有发⩌
Lj
但᭜䲋፥
ᄾ㻮
Lj
㔹́ᒵღᭀᩦ正
ă
(据美国《每日科学》网站 2011 年 5 月 31 日报道)
᏶Ф服㷲
Ă
იԊ华̮
Lj
一㝙࠵➆ݖϧख़ݝ
Đ
中国
đ
或᭜
Đ
中国ϧ
đ
ᬣᒵღᭀ会ᘠݝ这ψ
ă
但䓴ࣨ
20
Lj
中国有了ᒵ大अ化
ă
࠵➆ݖⅶ学უ㏺㣞特䄡
ǖĐ
中国ڙथ不ں᣽ӈѻ
Ф䉔
Lj
㔹᭜要В高䉕䛼和高⻾ឭ产৮ᒮ服ጯ౧
ăđ
ऺⅶ学უ䃑为࠵➆ݖ的ౝ⤳᲎У䲋፥优䊷
Lj
ႹڕजВ
҉为中国ڙथ䲏ा᱙ౝࡧ
Lj
⩇㜠᭜ڕ欧洲的一个䛺要
➖≮व҉цѡ
ă
㏺㣞特䄡
Lj
ຯ᳉当ౝ䯴অᛯⅶ䄚
Lj
ᅞ会受ݝ中国
Ю͇的䱿ⱽ
ă
࠵➆ݖ孔子学院䶦目经⤳䓈㢶㪴䄡
ǖĐ
䄚ധ⵭在
8
个ᰵ͸ڲᅞजВᢹᤎ
Lj
有ߴ⅁的䄊在这͸
ऻ⩇㜠जВᅊ䄂݊㏔ⅡᎠ㔰䄂
ăđ
ᕨ͸
Lj
学会ⅶ䄚有
ສ处
Lj
఍为会ⅶ䄚ᘼঠⱭ在䊷来䊷็的ጒ҉ᱧ会中ࢍ
优߬
ă
(据匈牙利《都市报》2011 年 6 月 7 日报道)
BILINGUALISMNOBIGDEAL FORBRAIN
MADE INCHINA: LEARNINGCHINESEWILL PAY
大ᑨݠ͵ᥘВ双语ຉ๶
中国制造:学会汉语作用大
H
ow do people who speak more than one language keep from
mixing them up? How do they find the right word in the
right language when being fluent in just one language means
knowing about 30,000 words?
at's what science has wondered about for decades, offering com-
plicated theories on how the brain processes more than one language.
Most theories of how bilingual speakers find a word in memory assume
that each word is "labeled" with information about which language it
belongs to.
But University of Kansas psycholinguist Mike Vitevitch thinks that
the inherent characteristics of the words -- how they sound -- provide
enough information to distinguish which language a word belongs to.
He said, "You don't need to do anything else."
Here's an analogy. Imagine you have a bunch of apples and oranges
in your fridge. e apples represent one language you know, the orang-
es represent another language you know and the fridge is that part of
memory known as the lexicon, which contains your knowledge about
language. To find an apple you just look for the round red thing in the
fridge and to find an orange you just look for the round orange thing
in the fridge. Once in a while you might grab an unripe, greenish or-
ange mistaking it for a granny smith apple. Such instances of language
"mixing" do happen on occasion, but they are pretty rare and are easily
corrected, said Vitevitch.
(
ScienceDaily
, May 31, 2011)
“C
heap clothes and Kung Pao Chicken.” is thought may
occur to Hungarians when they hear the word “China” or
“Chinese.” However, great changes have occurred in China
in the past 20 years.
A Hungarian Sinologist,
Dr. Salát Gergely
, said Chinese companies
don’t want to produce shoddy commodities any longer; instead they
want to win the market with good quality and high-tech products.
is scholar said China should base its regional, and even Europe-wide,
logistics in Hungary due to its good geographic conditions.
e sinologist said that if the local Hungarian people could speak
Chinese, the location would be more popular among Chinese compa-
nies. A project manager of the Confucius Institute in Hungary, Xin
Liwei, said:“It usually takes eight months to master basic Chinese lan-
guage skills. e ambitious can even try the elementary proficiency test
after that.” Anyway, learning Chinese will pay because it gives more ad-
vantage in the job market. (
Metro Budapest
, June 7, 2011)