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˗国ࢺڪ
HANDICRAFT WORKSHOP
˗
巧手编
CHINESE KNOTS
BY ADEFT HAND
一条简单的红绳能变幻成几十种精巧
的结扣。从旧石器时代的缝衣打结到今日
的装饰手艺,中国结历经千年而不衰。
在汉语中,“结”表示力量与和谐。
人们会说“永结同心”表达祝福,也会
说“团结一心”互相鼓励。而“结”又与“吉”
谐音,表达了人们对未来的祝愿。
中国结多为对称图案。人们认为对
称图案既庄重美观,又暗含“好事成双”
的意义。不同图案的中国结含义也不同,
如由两个“喜”字组成的叫“双喜结”,
寓意“双喜临门”。
中国结造型优美、寓意深远的特点
使得它作为随身饰物和馈赠佳品,深受
人们喜爱。让我们也一起动手,编个中
国结吧。
A simple red cord can be braided into several dozen delicate knots.
Tying knots for clothing originated in the Old Stone Age and has evolved
through thousands of years into a modern decorative Chinese handicraft.
In Chinese, “
” (knot) means unity and harmony, just as people express
good wishes by saying “
永结同心
” (May the couple be of one mind forever).
And people encourage each other by saying “
团结一心
” (hang together).
What’s more, in Chinese “
” (“knot”) is partially homophonic with “
(auspicious) which expresses good wishes.
Almost all basic Chinese knots are symmetrical in design because, for
Chinese people, symmetry symbolizes grace and elegance, and, at the same
time, it implies “
好事成双
”(Good things come in pairs). And di erent de-
signs express various wishes. For instance, the Chinese knot formed by the
pattern of two characters of “
” (happiness) is called “
双 喜 结
” (Double
Happiness Knot) meaning “
双喜临门
” (A double blessing has descended
upon the house).
Chinese knots are good accessories, ornaments and popular gifts for the
family and friends, and people are fond of Chinese knots for their characteris-
tic forms and auspicious meanings.
Now let’s get started to make a Chinese knot together.
ߘߕ学ᬓ
总第 期
2011
7
月 第
4
వѯᝮᏨ ߜᮣ
Confucius Institute
Reporter, SunYing